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Nova Scotia [antikvár]

Antikvár
 
Nova Scotia A Brief HistoryFog-shrouded headlands, sun-drenched sandy beaches, picturesque lighthouses and a breathtaking trail around one of the world's most undeniably beautiful islands are just some of the images that reflect the Province of Nova Scotia.But the province is more than just pretty...
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Nova Scotia A Brief HistoryFog-shrouded headlands, sun-drenched sandy beaches, picturesque lighthouses and a breathtaking trail around one of the world's most undeniably beautiful islands are just some of the images that reflect the Province of Nova Scotia.But the province is more than just pretty pictures. Nova Scotia was in the vanguard of European settlement of North America. It saw the very beginnings of Canada, grew through the dreadful privations of those first winters of settlement, survived the contest of France and England for control of the territories, mourned the misfortunes of the Acadians, and was present at the birth of Canada, as one of the founding colonies. A pride in this history with its many cultural strands, the pervasive influence of the sea and a proud maritime tradition, and a large measure of natural beauty combine to form the Nova Scotia of today.Nova Scotia's first people were the Micmacs. Tall and athletic, they hunted in the forests and harvested the sea. They also made use of the natural bounty of the land: roots, berries, plants and the sap of the maple tree, boiled down to make cakes. They had many festivals, including the Feast of St. Aspinquid, celebrated annually on the shores of what is now North West Arm in Halifax. This festival was in honour of the chief of all the northern tribes, and was shared with the European newcomers after the establishment of a British colony at Halifax. But, like other native people of North America, the Micmacs were easy prey for imported European diseases, and their numbers were drastically depleted. Originally estimated at 25,000, their population in Nova Scotia now numbers approximately 6000. Little is known of the remote ancestors of Nova Scotia's Micmac Indians, but remains have been found of a people dating back about 11000 years; they were caribou hunters who used stone tools and who may have entered North America via a polar land bridge.The first European visitors to Nova Scotia were probably Norse. Long before the search for a Northwest Passage and a penchant for furs brought European interest, fishermen had been trekking across the North Atlantic to the Grand Banks off Newfoundland for the plentiful cod supply. It is thought that some of the Norse fishermen landed on these shores approximately 1000 years ago.In 1497 John Cabot planted the flag of England on Cape Breton soil, but it was to be over a century before any serious attempt was made to settle these new lands.By the 17th Century, France was becoming interested in establishing a French presence in North America to compete with British and Spanish exploration. Furs and fish were abundant in the north, and England and Spain were already established further to the south, so France cast her eye north. In 1599 an expedition led by Chauvin and Pont-Grave (who had been granted a generous monopoly in the territory) left 16 men at Tadoussac. Unprepared for the harsh winter, this expedition was a failure, but it did interest one influential passenger, Pierre de Gua, Sieur de Monts, in the new land. As a result, he formed a company, was commissioned Vice Admiral and Lieutenant-General of New France, and was granted a 10 year fur trade monopoly and customs exemption on all goods imported from France. Their 1604 expedition met with one of the coldest winters in history, and in the spring the survivors left their base at lie Saint Croix to find a more hospitable site. After searching the coastline to Cape Cod, they settled on Port Royal, and in the summer of 1605, the first permanent settlement in Canada was established there.The next year saw the added refinement of a water-driven grist mill the previous summer had proved the fertility of the soil with abundant crops and perhaps more important, the establishment, by Poutrincourt and5
Termékadatok
Cím: Nova Scotia [antikvár]
Kiadó: Whitecap Books Ltd.
Kötés: Ragasztott kemény papírkötés
ISBN: 0920620655
Méret: 260 mm x 210 mm
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