It is the purpose of this booklet to clarify an important and complex problem, specifically from the viewpoint of those progressives who maintain that the State of Israël conducted a defensive war during the six days between the 6th and llth of June, 1967. We aim tb do this through a series of selected articles originally published in the English section of the Weekend Edition of the Morning Freiheit.
The war erupted during a period of marked resistance to American imperialism, a period of struggle for national liberation on the part of the peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin-America. Progressive people must, without doubt, fully support the struggles of these peoples. At the same time, they must not lose sight of other pertinent factors which are inherent in the over-all fight for freedom; problems which began even before Israël existed. Progressive people must not over-look the generally known fact that the Jewish and Arab masses in Palestine, in the period preceding 1947, were waging a continuous struggle against imperialism, specifically British imperialism. In 1947 the U.N. proclaimed that Palestine be established as a Jewish and Arab state. That decision foretold the bitter destiny of hundreds of thoüsands of Jewish refugees — refugees from the ghettos and from Nazi concentration camps. In 1948 when the Jewish state was proclaimed in that part of Palestine designated by the U.N., British imperialis ts mobilized Arab leaders against the U.N. decision and de-clared war against the newly-created state. The young Jewish state received asisstance from a number of Socialist countries in their antiimperialist war. The Arab rulers, and chauvinists in general, were de-feated, but they did not give up their belligerent attitude toward the state of Israël.
It proceeded in this manner for nineteen years, years of incessant terrojast attacks on the borders of Israël. However, we must point out thaLtne\leaders of the newly-created state of Israël did not have an "^nucgljf-rlean record. Ben Gurion and his followers, after three years "bfneutrality, aligned themselves with Washington and Bonn in 1951. They initiated a policy inimical to the best interests of the Israëli masses, where there existed a relatively strong progressive and socialist segment, very active in the peace movement, and rooted in the communal settlements (Kibbutzim). This segment has the only Communist movement in the Middle East, with an extensive Communist press and deputies in the Parliament (Knesseth).
In a number of Arab lands, particularly in Egypt and Syria, the former reactionary rulers were overthrown and great masses of people were drawn into anti-imperialist activities. This action achieved great